attack on France and the Low Countries, which began in May 1940. Attempts to assassinate Hitler resumed in earnest in 1943, with Henning von Tresckow joining Oster's group and attempting to blow up Hitler's plane in 1943. First-year students also had to serve six months in a labour camp for the Reich Labour Service ; an additional ten weeks service were required of second-year students. The process of denazification, which was initiated by the Allies as a way to remove Nazi Party members was only partially successful, as the need for experts in such fields as medicine and engineering was too great. Translated by Osers, Ewald; Dring, Alexandra.
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Germany regained control of the Saarland through a referendum held in 1935 and annexed Austria in the Anschluss of 1938. The valuation of this loot is estimated to be 184.5 billion francs. History Further information: History of Germany Nazi seizure of power See also: Adolf Hitler's rise to power Seizure of control (19311933) Although the Nazis won the greatest share of the popular vote in the two Reichstag general elections. A Concise History of Nazi Germany. Retrieved Bytwerk, Randall (1998). From 1942 onward, Soviet POWs were viewed as a source of forced labour, and received better treatment so they could work. People who were convicted of three or more offenceseven petty onescould be deemed habitual offenders and jailed indefinitely. New York: Columbia University Press. Military build-up Main article: International relations (19191939) See also: Remilitarization of the Rhineland and German involvement in the Spanish Civil War In the early years of the regime, Germany was without allies, and its military was drastically weakened by the Versailles Treaty. Germany assumed full control in France in 1942, Italy in 1943, and Hungary in 1944.